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Tài liệu môn Tiếng anh ngành kế toán mới nhất 2021

Nghề kế toán trong tiếng Anh là “Accounting”, đây là một danh từ khi bỏ “ing” sẽ trở thành từ “Account” có nghĩa là “tài khoản”. ... Kế toán trưởng: Chief Accountant. Kế toán tổng hợp: General Accountant. Kế toán thuế: Tax Accountant.

Tài liệu môn Tiếng anh ngành kế toán mới nhất 2021

Tài liệu môn tiếng anh ngành kế toán mới nhất 2021

Đề thi dạng Tiếng anh ngành kế toán

  1. Read the following extract from an article about accounting ratios. Choose the best word to fill each gap from A, B, C or D below. For each question 1 – 6, mark one letter ( A, B, C or D) on your answer sheet. There is an example at the beginning (0).


The financial statements of a business provide important information for people outside the business who do not (0) ........... access to the internal accounts. For example, existing and (1) .................... shareholders can see how much profit a business made, the value of its assets and the level of cash (2) .................... . Although these figures are useful, they do not mean a great deal by themselves. In order to (3) .................... any real sense of the figures in the final accounts, they need to be properly analysed using accounting ratios and then (4) .................... with either the previous year’s ratios or against averages for the industry. The profitability of a company is important and a key (5) .................... of its success. In the profit and loss account the figures shown for gross profit and net profit mean very little by themselves. However, by (6) .................... them as a percentage of sales they become much more useful. The figures can then be evaluated against those of previous years, or with those of similar companies.



Example: 0      A hold            B have                         C grant                        D keep

1    A eventual                   B promising                 C aspiring        D potential

2    A reserves                   B stocks                       C quantities     D stores

3    A reach                        B find                           C take              D make

4    A differentiated           B opposed                   C compared     D balanced

5    A measure                   B evidence                   C mark             D proof

6    A indicating                 B expressing                C outlining       D prono

  1. Match these words with their meanings
  1. debt
  1. An agreement between two or more parties, often written
  1. lease
  1. the opposite of assets
  1. gearing
  1. buying or selling something
  1. liabilities
  1. someone who owns parts of a company
  1. contract
  1. money that is owed
  1. transaction
  1. an agreement where the owner of something allows someone else to use it for a specific time for a sum of money
  1. shareholder
  1. the proportion of own capital to borrowed funds when buying an asset or financing a company
  1. Read this email and then decide if the statements below are True (T) of False (F)

Subject: Creative accounting

From: Rupert Greene

To: Javier Estrada

Hi Javier

At our meeting yesterday you asked me to send you some background info on creative accounting, and in particular off-balance-sheet accounting.

Basically there’s quite a bit of flexibility in the way we can interpret the standards and principles of accounting. For example, we may want to report bigger profits so that we can attract investors on the capital markets. On the other hand, smaller profits may be better so that we pay less tax. The problem is that the line between truthful and misleading representation of figures is sometimes very thin, and this is where people get into trouble.

Off-balance-sheet accounting is seen by some as one type of creative accounting. (People have been arguing about it for years, though!). The key point to remember is that the accounting treatment of legitimate business transactions can vary greatly. For example, many companies are involved in leasing for business reasons, and the question for the accountants is how to present the financial implications of such leases in the accounts. In theory, the idea is that leasing an asset ( instead of buying it) allows the company to exclude the liability from its accounts.

Hope this help – give me a call if you have any more questions.

Best wishes


  • Accountings agree that creative accounting is a good thing
  • Off-balance-sheet accounting is one way of creative accounting- there are others.
  • Creative accounting is sometimes used to try and attract more investor.
  • Accountants are allowed some flexibility in the way they present accounts.
  • Leasing is actually illegal.
  • Big profits mean paying less tax
  • When a company leases an asset, the accountant doesn’t have to include it in the accounts
  1. Write an essay related topic: Should accountants use the accounting principles for preparing financial reports? (150-250 words)

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